Enhancing CAR-T Cell Therapy for Glioblastoma
Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation have formed the mainstay of cancer therapy for many years. However, in addition to destroying tumor cells, these treatments are detrimental to healthy cells giving rise to side effects, which can be severe. During the last two decades, more targeted therapies that specifically destroy cancer cells have been developed to minimize unwanted side effects.
Redefine the Transcriptional and Epigenetic Signature of Tissue-associated Regulatory T Cells
Recently Delacher and colleagues were able to redefine the transcriptional and epigenetic signature of tissue-associated regulatory T cells (Treg) in mice and humans (Delacher et al. 2021). They could demonstrate, that Treg cells from healthy tissues share distinct expression patterns with tumor-infiltrating Treg cells...
Evaluating the Nature of Immune Responses to Implanted Polypropylene Mesh
Surgical mesh is used in a range of tissue repair procedures to stabilize and strengthen soft tissue defects or to support prolapsed organs and viscera. One of their most common applications is hernia repair. The mesh serves to mechanically strengthen the weakened area while simultaneously providing a scaffold to support the growth of new tissue...
Understanding HCC Development and Progression
Liver cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, of which hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary cancer accounting for 75-85% of cases. HCC can be classified into several histological subtypes, reflecting the heterogeneity of the disease. This heterogeneity, including the cancers’ cell plasticity, is known to be, in part, determined by the microenvironment.
Striosomes Causal Changes Task Engagement
Learning through affective responses, in which experiences are regarded as having a positive or negative valence (e.g., pleasure or fear, respectively), requires a judgment of the relative value of options. Several studies have linked a cluster of neurons in the subcortical basal ganglia, known as the striatum, to learning these valence-based responses.
Mediating Palatability Guided Food and Water Consumption with Hindbrain Double Negative Feedback
Animal survival relies on neural mechanisms that trigger behaviors to meet basic bodily needs. Traditionally, motivated behaviors have been categorized into three phases.
COVID-19 Shows a Loss of Bcl6 Expressing T Follicular Helper Cells and Germinal Centers
A groundbreaking publication in the journal Cell suggests that in COVID-19 patients the differentiation of Tfh cells and formation of germinal centers within lymph nodes and spleen is inhibited. Molecules such as Bcl-6 were assessed using the TissueFAXS platform including the analysis applications StrataQuest and TissueQuest.
Characterizing the Complex Microenvironment of Individual Immune Cells
Research groups from Yale University, USA published a paper in 'Cytometry' focusing on the phenotyping, quantification and visualization of immune cells and immune cell clusters within tissue sections using co-registration and IF multiplexed tissue cytometry.
Imaging of neural contributions to voluntary hand movement
Skilled motor behavior requires the precise exchange of information between the muscles of the body and various levels of the central nervous system (CNS). Motor behavior, limb mechanics and neural control must be precisely coordinated in order to achieve the required movement.
DNA-Binding of the Tet-Transactivator Curtails Antigen-Induced Lymphocyte Activation in Mice
Research groups from Austria, Australia, England and The Netherlands published a paper in 'Nature Communications' about the Tet-transactivator imparing the antigen-induced lymphocyte activation in mice.
Tumor Specific Regulatory T Cells in the Bone Marrow of Breast Cancer Patients Selectively Upregulate the Emigration Receptor S1P1
Groups from Germany (Heidelberg, Jena) published a paper in the Journal 'Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy' regarding tumor-specifc regulatory T cells in the bone marrow of breast cancer patients.
Quantitative Comparison and Reproducibility of Pathologist Scoring and Digital Image Analysis of Estrogen Receptor β2 Immunohistochemistry in Prostate Cancer
Research groups from USA, published a paper in 'Diagnostic Pathology' dealing with quantitative comparison and reproducibility of pathologist scoring and digital image analysis in prostate cancer.
Anti-Neoplastic Effects of Calcium in Colorectal Cancer Potentiated by Active Vitamin D
Groups from Vienna published a paper in 'The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology' about Vitamin D potentiating the anti-neoplastic effects of calcium in the colon.